1. Murthy K, Stevens LA, Stark PC, Levey AS. Variation in the serum creatinine assay calibration: a practical application to glomerular filtration rate estimation. Kidney Int. 2005 Oct;68(4):1884-7. PubMed PMID: 16164667.
  2. Levey AS, Coresh J, Greene T, Marsh J, Stevens LA, Kusek JW, Van Lente F; Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration. Expressing the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation for estimating glomerular filtration rate with standardized serum creatinine values. Clin Chem. 2007 Apr;53(4):766-72. PubMed PMID: 17332152.
  3. Stevens LA, Manzi J, Levey AS, Chen J, Deysher AE, Greene T, Poggio ED, Schmid CH, Steffes MW, Zhang YL, Van Lente F, Coresh J. Impact of creatinine calibration on performance of GFR estimating equations in a pooled individual patient database. Am J Kidney Dis. 2007 Jul;50(1):21-35. PubMed PMID: 17591522.
  4. Selvin E, Manzi J, Stevens LA, Van Lente F, Lacher DA, Levey AS, Coresh J. Calibration of serum creatinine in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 1988-1994, 1999-2004. Am J Kidney Dis. 2007 Dec;50(6):918-26. PubMed PMID: 18037092.
  5. Stevens LA, Stoycheff N. Standardization of serum creatinine and estimated GFR in the Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP). Am J Kidney Dis. 2008 Apr;51(4 Suppl 2):S77-82. PubMed PMID: 18359411.
  6. Juraschek SP, Coresh J, Inker LA, Rynders GP, Eckfeldt JH, Selvin E. The effects of freeze-thaw on β-trace protein and β2-microglobulin assays after long-term sample storage. Clin Biochem. 2012 Jun;45(9):694-6. PubMed PMID: 22425605; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3575740.
  7. Selvin E, Juraschek SP, Eckfeldt J, Levey AS, Inker LA, Coresh J. Calibration of cystatin C in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 Feb;61(2):353-4. PubMed PMID: 23177702
  8. Selvin E, Juraschek SP, Eckfeldt J, Levey AS, Inker LA, Coresh J. Within-person variability in kidney measures. Am J Kidney Dis. 2013 May;61(5):716-22. PubMed PMID: 23337799; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3628297.
  9. Eckfeldt JH, Karger AB, Miller WG, Rynders GP, Inker LA. Performance in Measurement of Serum Cystatin C by Laboratories Participating in the College of American Pathologists 2014 CYS Survey. Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine. 2015;139(7):888-893.


Prognosis and complications

  1. Astor BC, Hallan SI, Miller ER 3rd, Yeung E, Coresh J. Glomerular filtration rate, albuminuria, and risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in the US population. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 May 15;167(10):1226-34. PubMed PMID: 18385206.
  2. Groesbeck D, Köttgen A, Parekh R, Selvin E, Schwartz GJ, Coresh J, Furth S. Age, gender, and race effects on cystatin C levels in US adolescents. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Nov;3(6):1777-85. PubMed PMID: 18815241; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2572279.
  3. Vupputuri S, Fox CS, Coresh J, Woodward M, Muntner P. Differential estimation of CKD using creatinine- versus cystatin C-based estimating equations by category of body mass index. Am J Kidney Dis. 2009 Jun;53(6):993-1001. PubMed PMID: 19394726; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3028436.
  4. Astor BC, Levey AS, Stevens LA, Van Lente F, Selvin E, Coresh J. Method of glomerular filtration rate estimation affects prediction of mortality risk. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009 Oct;20(10):2214-22. PubMed PMID: 19762497; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2754107.
  5. Skali H, Uno H, Levey AS, Inker LA, Pfeffer MA, Solomon SD. Prognostic assessment of estimated glomerular filtration rate by the new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration equation in comparison with the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation. Am Heart J. 2011 Sep;162(3):548-54. PubMed PMID: 21884875.
  6. Inker LA, Coresh J, Levey AS, Tonelli M, Muntner P. Estimated GFR, albuminuria, and complications of chronic kidney disease. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Dec;22(12):2322-31. PubMed PMID: 21965377; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3279937.
  7. Bowling CB, Inker LA, Gutiérrez OM, Allman RM, Warnock DG, McClellan W, Muntner P. Age-specific associations of reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate with concurrent chronic kidney disease complications. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Dec;6(12):2822-8. PubMed PMID:  22034504; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3255373.
  8. Tangri N, Inker LA, Tighiouart H, Sorensen E, Menon V, Beck G, Shlipak M, Coresh J, Levey AS, Sarnak MJ. Filtration markers may have prognostic value independent of glomerular filtration rate. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2012 Feb;23(2):351-9. PubMed PMID: 22173699; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3269188.
  9. Inker LA, Tonelli M, Hemmelgarn BR, Levitan EB, Muntner P. Comparison of concurrent complications of CKD by 2 risk categorization systems. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 Mar;59(3):372-81. PubMed PMID: 22113126; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3288542.
  10.  Astor BC, Shafi T, Hoogeveen RC, Matsushita K, Ballantyne CM, Inker LA, Coresh J. Novel markers of kidney function as predictors of ESRD, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in the general population. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 May;59(5):653-62. PubMed PMID:2230575.
  11. Inker LA, Shaffi K, Levey AS. Estimating glomerular filtration rate using the chronic kidney disease-epidemiology collaboration creatinine equation: better risk predictions. Circ Heart Fail. 2012 May 1;5(3):303-6. PubMed PMID: 22589364; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3386522.
  12. Shafi T, Matsushita K, Selvin E, Sang Y, Astor BC, Inker LA, Coresh J. Comparing the association of GFR estimated by the CKD-EPI and MDRD study equations and mortality: the third national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES III). BMC Nephrol. 2012 Jun 15;13:42. PubMed PMID: 22702805; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3447668.
  13.  Bowling CB, Inker LA. Metabolic complications in elderly adults with CKD. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 Dec;60(6):893-5. PubMed PMID: 22800856.
  14. Bowling CB, Inker LA. Metabolic complications in elderly adults with CKD. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012 Dec;60(6):893-5. PubMed PMID: 22800856.
  15. Stevens LA, Levey AS. Chronic kidney disease in the elderly–how to assess risk. N Engl J Med. 2005 May 19;352(20):2122-4. PubMed PMID: 15901867.


  1. Stevens LA, Levey AS. Current status and future perspectives for CKD testing. Am J Kidney Dis. 2009 Mar;53(3 Suppl 3):S17-26. PubMed PMID: 19231757.
  2. Hostetter TH, Levey AS, Stevens LA. Clinical impact of reporting estimated glomerular filtration rates. Clin Chem. 2010 Sep;56(9):1381-3. PubMed PMID: 20628143.

International GFR

  1. Jafar TH, Islam M, Jessani S, Bux R, Inker LA, Mariat C, Levey AS. Level and  determinants of kidney function in a South Asian population in Pakistan. Am J Kidney Dis. 2011 Nov;58(5):764-72. PubMed PMID: 21840098.